In eastern Hidalgo, central Mexico, the Sierra Otomí-Tepehua Region (Region) sits in the southern range of the Sierra Madre mountains north of the Valley of Tulancingo and a stone’s throw from the states of Veracruz and Puebla.
Here, 120,019 citizens (51% women, 49% men) live in 473 communities divided among six municipalities. Four are majority indigenous with a total population of 99,489 citizens, 60,000 of whom speak Nahautl, Otomí or Tepehua.
The Region is fertile. It is home to 452 species of trees and plants divided into three ecosystems among its granite peaks and lush valleys. It is rich in medicinal plants and yields coffee, corn, beans and a variety of chile and to a lesser extent chayote, zucchini, sugar cane as well as bananas, papaya and limes.
In Tenango de Doria, Huehuetla and San Bartolo Tutotepec, INTERNATIONALLY RENOWNED ARTISANAL embroidery and lesser-known quality coffee and timber production drive what commerce exists. Acaxochitlán, in comparison, serves as a regional distribution center for flowers and produces ornamental plants, apple, timber and artisanal wool and embroidery products.
In spite of its rich biodiversity and natural resources, 80% of the population lives in high or extremely high marginalized conditions with a weak ECONOMY, distressed EDUCATION and SOCIOCULTURAL AND POLITICAL CONTEXT and complex and worsening ENVIRONMENTAL and CLIMATE CHANGE REALITIES.