In eastern Hidalgo, central Mexico, the Sierra Municipalities Indigenous Otomi-TepehuaOtomí-Tepehua Region (Region) sits in the southern range of the Sierra Madre mountains north of the Valley of Tulancingo and a stone’s throw from the states of Veracruz and Puebla.

Here, 120,019 citizens (51% women, 49% men) live in 473 communities divided among six municipalities. Four are majority indigenous with a total population of 99,489 citizens, 60,000 of whom speak Nahautl, Otomí or Tepehua.

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The Region is fertile. It is home to 452 species of trees and plants divided into three ecosystems among its granite peaks and lush valleys. It is rich in medicinal plants and yields coffee, corn, beans and a variety of chile and to a lesser extent chayote, zucchini, sugar cane as well as bananas, papaya and limes.

In Tenango de Doria, Huehuetla and San Bartolo Tutotepec, internationally renowned artisanal embroidery and lesser-known quality coffee and timber production drive commerce. Acaxochitlán, in comparison, serves as a regional distribution center for flowers and produces ornamental plants, apple, timber and artisanal wool and embroidery products.

In spite of its rich biodiversity and natural resources, the Region’s Education of women and Economy are weak, the Sociocultural and Political context is distressing and its Environmental and Climate Change realities are complex and worsening.