Mexico is a strong case of successful nation building. Its GDP is the second largest in Latin America. Its economic fundamentals are relatively stable and it is somewhat committed to consolidating democratic institutions and processes.
Still, the country faces growing poverty and wage inequality. Almost half of its population, or 61 million people, live in poverty and rates are increasing. Nearly three of four Mexican municipalities were measured at development levels lower than the global average, and more than four in five were inferior to those in Latin America. And the gap between wages and hours worked is larger in Mexico than any other OECD member country.
The State of Hidalgo, in central Mexico, is no exception from this reality. 54% of its population lives at or below the poverty line. It is one of eight states in the Republic in which both poverty and extreme poverty rose in 2013 and 2014. And, as the 6th most marginalized state in the country, 15% of its municipalities have a “low” level of human development (similar to that of Liberia in Africa). The majority of these are in the three indigenous zones of the State–Huasteca, Mezquital and Sierra Otomi-Tepehua.