Society, Culture & Politics

The Region’s sociocultural and political context impedes human and communal development:

(1) high marginalization,

(2) weak citizen participation and civil society and ineffective government, and

(3) gender inequality and subsistence economics.

Its four majority indigenous municipalities are the 1st, 3rd, 9th and 22nd most marginalized municipalities in Hidalgo and are home to a significant share of the 15% poorest municipalities in the State (and México).


Development work is frustrated by (A) poor data and the resultant disconnect between citizens’ needs and government policies and programs, (B) incoherent government funding and (C) weak citizen demand.

Underlying forces that drive these problems are

(i) corrupt politics, including that funders rarely visit the communities in which their programs are produced,

(ii) low education levels, and

(iii) tension between cultural perspectives on development.

The confluence of these forces hurts the Region, citizens and civil society.

For the Region, government programs to combat poverty have failed despite increases in federal social aid, and citizens struggle to organize to demand different models.

For people, apolitical citizen leader education is hard to come by and women leaders are neither supported nor empowered to succeed.

PSYDEH and other civil society organizations confront inadequate funding and training. NGOs can only hire local-based staff for 3-6 month terms. And organizational leadership suffer through long periods without salaries and proper training because of the short government funding cycle and government institutions’ failure to collaborate. This reality makes smart planning impossible, harms professionalism and creates mistrust between people and NGOs.